World travel guide book

World travel guide book

World travel guide book

World travel guide book

World travel guide book

World travel guide book

World travel guide book

World travel guide book

World travel guide book for Accordingly, the origin of social security systems, first in Europe in the 30 years preceding WORLD WAR I, followed by North and South America, and later by colonial authorities in much of what has come to be known as the Third World, is conventionally explained in reference to the heightened insecurity of individuals attendant on the erosion of extended networks of social support, the transformation of the family, and the migration of rural labor to the cities. In alternative accounts, social security appears variously as a social wage, emblematic of the expansion of legal and political rights to social rights tied to citizenship; as society’s demand for protection against the vicissitudes of the market. For John Maynard KEYNES and William H. Beveridge, key theoreticians of expanded social provision, the minimal guarantee of income is deemed essential to mitigating the evils of the un-regulated market and, more significantly, to regulating production and consumption for both the working and non-working population. Marxian perspectives, on the other hand, view the rapid expansion of social security in capitalist societies both as the outcome of class-struggle by workers to better the terms of their exploitation, and capital’s concession to labor to ensure social and political stability and a productive work-force. In contemporary usage, the term social security refers to social insurance and social assistance public programs designed to protect individuals and families against the contingencies of life and the vagaries of the market that result in the loss of income due. Comprising a range of measures including, old-age pensions, healthcare, public housing, unemployment, sickness benefits, child allowances, social security practices, sometimes subsumed under the larger category of the welfare state, vary widely across countries in terms of levels of benefit, coverage, administration, political legitimacy, and the particular mix of public-private means by which these goods are provisioned. World travel guide book 2016.

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