Wales City for The forces of production are the material and social conditions that allow us to produce our 146 thinking politics means of subsistence. The forces of production include the means of production, that is, the raw materials and technology at hand, as well as the mode of production, also known as the relations of production, which refers to the social organization of labor. The mode of production is the economic structure under which people make their livings. The mode of production changes over time, synchronized with the technological development of the means of production. With changes in the means and mode of production come changes in the social and political values and beliefs that the means and mode of production create as ideological supports. At certain points in history, as technological innovation (means of production) proceeds apace, the economic structure (mode of production) fails to keep up. The values, beliefs, and social relations that issue from this economic structure appear increasingly unjust. Wales City 2016.