Tube map for D. MICHIGAN STATE UNIVERSITY planning THE CONCEPT OF PLANNING in capitalist economics relates to conflict resolutions between the actual and potential as seen by decision agents. It is a conscious activity by decision agents to transform the potential to actual. Planning may also be viewed in terms of conscious intervention to change the actual reality through cognitive designs. Planning is to create a cognitive edifice or structure of change. Planning relates present perceptions of concrete realities to future possibilities that must be actualized through a rationally continuous process. It is time sequential in that planning consciously links various decision time points to one another and to the initial time thus defining a conscious decision trajectory through the examination of evolving cause-effect chains that are likely to be actualized through current decisions. Tube map 2016.