Travel to Cappadocia

Christianity arrived very early in Cappadocia, already in the 1st c. see1 Pet 1:1, using, as occurred elsewhere, the network of the synagogues. In the 3rd c. it was already an important Christian center; its bishop, Firmilian, had numerous contacts. Origen went to Caesarea for a certain period, teaching there Eusebius, HE 6,27-28. There were various martyrs during the persecutions of Diocletian and his successors, including Gordius and the 40 martyrs of Sebaste, Ierone and the martyrs of Melitene. In the 4th c., Cappadocia produced the celebrated Basil of Caesarea, Gregory of Nazianzus and Gregory of Nyssa, the so-called Cappadocian fathers, to whom we may add Basil’s cousin Amphilochius, bishop of Iconium. During the first four centuries, the metropolitan of Caesarea exercised a sort of supremacy over the N and NE provinces of Asia Minor, with the title of exarch; even later he retained first place after the patriarch of Constantinople. By the mid-4th c., Christianity appears to have spread widely in the province, not only in the cities but also in the rural areas, as is proven by the presence of chorbishops rural bishops alongside the bishops; a good ten bishops of Cappadocian cities were present at the Council of Nicaea. Even in the 2nd-3rd c., we know the names of some, such as Primianus, Theoctistus and Firmilian of Caesarea Gams, Ser. episc., 440. Church buildings were built everywhere. R. Teja, Die rmische Provinz Kappadokien, ANRW, II, Prinzipat, 7, 2 1980 1083-1124 with bibl.; RAC 2, 861-891; C. Jolivet-Lvy, Les glises byzantines de Cappadoce: le programme iconographique de l’abside et de ses abords, Paris 1991; N. Thierry, La Cappadoce de l’antiquit au Moyen ‚ge, Turnhout 2002; R. van Dam, Kingdom of Snow: Roman Rule and Greek Culture in Cappadocia, Philadelphia 2002; Id., Families and Friends in Late Roman Cappadocia, Philadelphia 2003; Id., Becoming Christian: The Conversion of Roman Cappadocia, Philadelphia 2003.

Travel to Cappadocia Photo Gallery

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