This side-route follows the S. shore of Georgian .Bay, and then turns N. to follow the Bruce peninsula, a 60-m-long tongue of land which separates Georgian Bay from the rest of L. Huron. Both this route and Side-route 4 B. travel through the country known as Huronia. This name is given to the lands to the S. of Georgian Bay because they were mainly inhabited by the Huron tribe of Indians; this tribe received missionaries from the French and it was upon their friendship that men such as Champlain hoped to found an extensive N. American empire; but in the middle of the seventeenth century the Hurons were partly exterminated and partly expelled by their enemies of long standing, the Iroquois, friends of the English. This great extension of Iroquois power frustated the French design in N. America.
There are now few Indians in the population of Huronia, which is some 65 % British and 30 % French in origin. At one time the Hurons are thought to have had a population of 25,000 living in about 20 villages; from them the Canadian games of hockey and lacrosse have been derived.
Huronia was glaciated, that is, the great ice-sheets which once covered the nor-them part of this continent pushed great quantities of natural rubble and rock debris over the district; it then was inundated by the waters of a great lake pounded up behind the ice and known to geologists as L. Algonquin. As a result of this geological back-ground, much of the Huronia country is too rough and stony for agriculture. Oats and mixed grain are the chief grains grown, while hay and potatoes are important crops; livestock farming is of growing significance. But it has been the development of the tourist and resort industry, of the summer-cottage economy, that has brought the district its highest returns.
Easily accessible from the U.S.A. by the Blue Water Hwy. (p. 96) and from Toronto, busy and gay vacation centres like Wasaga Beach and Midland have developed rapidly, while the blue cruising waters of Georgian Bay and its picturesque isds. and channels, together with the Flowerpot Isd. and Georgian Bay Isds. National Parks, have also contributed to the popularity of Huronia for summer holidays.
24.5 m. Stayner (pop. 1,273), has an airfield for private aircraft.
34.3 m. Collingwood (pop. 7,568), on S. shore of Georgian Bay, is a lakeside port and shipbuilding town, and the ‚“gateway to the Blue Mountains‚. It takes its name from Lord Collirigwood, a British admiral who fought with Nelson at the Battle of Trafalgar.
its history began when it became the terminus of the Northern Railway in 1856; two years later it was incorporated a town; its early Scottish settlers developed a shipbuilding industry which it has retained until today, when it is one of the largest Canadian ship-yards on the upper lakes.