Top us cities to visit in summer for Partially in response to such criticism, the focus of public policy has shifted away from protecting market structures toward the stimulation of entrepreneurship. In Western Europe of the pre-World War II era, large corporations typically had smaller market shares than in the United States, and there was no comparable tradition of antitrust legislation. As a consequence, less of a need was felt for official support programs for small businesses. In the years following World War II, this situation gradually changed. Germany, for example, pioneered a very business-friendly legal framework that strengthened small business but did not institute a government bureaucracy such as the SBA. In many European countries, employers’ federations, such as chambers of commerce, have assumed the role of supporting small business, and often they have access to public funds for this purpose. In Europe, too, public policy now attempts small business 767 to support entrepreneurship, R&D, and innovation rather than SMEs as such. Top us cities to visit in summer 2016.