Top ten travel destinations in the us for His grand ambition was to link these subjects together into a holistic system of thought he labeled the synthetic philosophy. In brief, Spencer sought to apply the principle of evolutionary progress to all Spencer, Herbert 781 branches of knowledge. While most modern scholars recognize serious deficiencies and errors in Spencer’s system of thought, it is worthwhile to review briefly his key contributions to political economy. Spencer, like Karl MARX, envisioned society as evolving toward a utopia. Spencer’s utopia, however, was an extreme version of LAISSEZ-FAIRE capitalism, even more extreme than that envisioned by Adam SMITH in The Wealth of Nations (1776). Spencer believed that such a society would best maximize the happiness or welfare of society. To his credit, Spencer made a careful distinction between the welfare of society as an entity and the total welfare of society viewed as an aggregation of the individual levels of welfare of all the members of society. Top ten travel destinations in the us 2016.