Top getaways in the us for MICHIGAN STATE UNIVERSITY Spencer, Herbert (1820 1903) IN POPULAR THOUGHT the phrase the survival of the fittest has long been overwhelmingly associated with Charles Darwin’s theory of evolution. In fact, it was Herbert Spencer who coined the phrase in Principles of Biology (1864). Indeed, Spencer set forth his theory of evolution before Darwin’s theory was known and interestingly, in distinct contrast to Darwin, Spencer’s evolutionary theory was derived for his contemplations on human society. For much of the 20th century, however, Spencer’s writings were dismissed entirely as the product of a simple-minded and ideologically dangerous quack. In this respect, however, one must note that Spencer was a prolific scholar with a strong scientific orientation who forcefully insisted that social phenomena be studied using scientific methods. Moreover, next to John Stuart MILL, Spencer was the most widely read nonfiction writer in English of the 19th century. At least 1 million copies of his books were sold, and his most important works were translated widely, appearing in Arabic, Chinese, French, German, Italian, Japanese, Russian, and Spanish. Top getaways in the us 2016.