The rough guide

The rough guide

The rough guide

The rough guide

The rough guide

The rough guide

The rough guide

The rough guide

The rough guide for 12/4, 1998); Thomas Nesslein, Enterprise: Public Versus Private, Encyclopedia of Public Administration and Public Policy (Marcel Dekker, 2003). THOMAS S. NESSLEIN UNIVERSITY OF WISCONSIN, GREEN BAY spice trade THE TERM, SPICE, describes natural products from a particular region in demand beyond their point of origin because of their flavor or odor. When Vasco da Gama’s crew rounded the Horn of Africa, their motivation was twofold; they risked their lives for Christ and for spices! Commerce in spices was so heavily entwined in the visions and plans of European explorers and conquistadors that it is commonly seen from the Western perspective as one of the first motivators in the development of Mediterranean wealth in the late Middle Ages, and the emergence of capitalist features of the international economy after 1500. In fact, the spice trade is one of the oldest human enterprises, stretching back 3,000 years or longer. It was well underway by Old Testament times; in Genesis 37:25, the boy Joseph is sold by his brothers to spice traders. Those spices of greatest interest to Europeans (balsam, nutmeg, ginger, cinnamon, cloves, and pepper) originated in different regions of Africa and Asia and had to be transported to their European markets. The rough guide 2016.

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