The Depositio martyrum

AGNES d. 250. The Depositio martyrum is the first document to mention the cult of S. Agnes at Rome, on the Via Nomentana, 21 January. In 337 351 a basilica was built near the tomb, next to the socalled mausoleum of St. Constantia, actually that of the founder of the basilica, Constantina. Ambrose De virg.. I, 2, Damasus Ferrua, Epigr. damas. n. 71 and Prudentius Perist. 14 give conflicting versions of her martyrdom, agreeing only on her age she had just reached puberty and on the double merit of the young saint, virgin and martyr. With Peter, Paul and Lawrence, Agnes is a patron of Rome. The passions in Latin BHL 156 and Greek BHG 145-6 are romanticized. A cemetery developed around the tomb; many glass works in gold depict her. Her cult traveled to Africa Aug., Serm. 53; 273, 6; 286, 2; 354-5; Cal. Carth., Ravenna St. Apollinare Nuovo, Gaul and Germany liturgical books. P. Franchi de’ Cavalieri, S. Agnese nella tradizione e nella leggenda: RQA, Suppl. 10, Rome 1899; A. P. Frutaz, Il complesso monumentale di S. Agnese, Rome 1960; BS 1, 382-407; A. Amore, I martiri di Roma, Rome 1975, 78-80; BHL Novum Supplementum 1986, 22-24; Histoire des saints, II, 62-70; F.E. Consolino, Modelli di santit  femminili nelle pi¹ antiche passioni romane: Augustinianum 24 1984 84-113; L. Goosen, Dizionario dei santi. Storia, letteratura, arte e musica, Ital. tr., Milan 2000, 6-10; U. Nersinger, Die L¤mmerweihe am Fest der heiligen Agnes. Von der Wolle der L¤mmer zum Pallium, dem W¼rdezeichen des Papstes, der Patriarchen un der Metropoliten, Klosterneuburg-Vienna 1995; Il grande libro dei santi. Dizionario enciclopedico, C. Leonardi, A. Riccardi, G. Zarri eds., 3 vols., Milan 1998, I, 38-40; LTK3 1, 237-238; LCI 1,69; 5, 58-63.
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The Depositio martyrum

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