Syddanmark City for The rule of philosopher kings courts the danger of despotism. In large part, this danger arises owing to Plato’s reductive analysis, his modeling of the city on the soul. In some respects, however, Plato’s effort in the Republic fails because his analogy between the political realm and the soul actually ignores key parallels. Most important, he neglects to observe the political analog of dialectic reasoning. A critical mind is imperative for the dialectical activity of the philosopher. Uncritical belief eventually leads one to be misologic, to despise rational argument, in the same way that uncritical attachment to people may lead one to be misanthropic, to despise humankind. The inevitable disappointment and sense of betrayal that comes when one’s uncritical beliefs or celebrated heroes let one down, Plato observes, produce a deep suspicion and hatred of all knowledge and all people. Syddanmark City 2016.