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Sagion. This type of clothing was similar to the chlamys; it was made of wool and connected to the shoulder with a knot or a pin. So too the abolla, made of double cloth, with a buckle under the neck or on the shoulder, and the sagochlamys, which consisted of two rectangles, one on the front and one on the person’s back; united by buckles on the shoulders. Many of the aforementioned types of clothing can be documented, e.g., on the wooden doors of the Basilica of Santa Sabina in Rome 5th c. or on the reliefs of the Antonine Column. Mandyas. This was the true and proper cloak Persian in origin pinned to the front, for military and ecclesiastical use. It seems that the garment understood today as a toga of the famous consular diptychs from the 5th c. should be understood as a mandyas, an interpretation that could also be suggested in other cases. Caracalla. A tunic with sleeves, open in the front and back, it took its name precisely from the emperor who wore it frequently, but was itself perhaps of Gallic origin.

With respect to the skaramangion or the skaranicon or the kandys which was also used by women, they were in the shape of a caftan and were intended to be used on horseback and were therefore rather short see also the military outfit. They were very much in use at the court of Byzantium. The following elements were connected to clothing: the palliola, types of small pallia, a type of handkerchief also called sudaria or mappulae, if used like napkins; various types of scarfs among which was the orarium, with long fringes, and the loroi, often crossed on the chest and also heavily decorated see the mosaic of the Basilica of S. Agnese extra muros at Rome. The women then, in the West, but especially in the East, used veils for their heads velum, maphorium, kalumma, ricinum etc., more or less wide, nets for their hair reticula, and headbands mitrae or mitellae.

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