Svalbard & Jan Mayen Is. Map for Myrdal’s Nobel Prize lecture made a plea for the moral duty of Western democracies to assist developing countries, not just by simple income transfers but by facilitating basic reforms to reduce the inequalities in poor countries. Myrdal believed that an economist inevitably starts from certain valuations that colored any later analysis; therefore analysis should begin with an explicit statement of the value premises. BIBLIOGRAPHY. Gunnar Myrdal, An American Dilemma: The Negro Problem and Modern Democracy (HarperCollins, 1962); Gunnar Myrdal, Monetary Equilibrium (Augustus Kelley, 1939); Gunnar Myrdal, Nobel Prize Lecture, www.nobel.se. KEVIN R FOSTER, PH. Svalbard & Jan Mayen Is. Map 2016.