Historical region of Country
In 1270 the Solomonids seized power in the Ethiopian nation, which in the following centuries saw the greatest expansion of its borders, esp. under kings Dawit 1382 1413 and Zara Yaqob 1434 1468, together with an intensification of the struggle between the Christian state and Islam. At the same time there were new developments in the church of St. Frumentius. While on the one hand the presence in Ethiopia of an Egyptian metropolitan continued, on the other a hierarchy of regular clergy asserted itself. In the 13th c. this hierarchy recognized the abbot of St. Stephen of H ic as its superior; later, the supremacy of the secular clergy would be assumed by the abbot of Debre Libanos monastery in Shewa, who, under the title of echage, maintained his power over the Ethiopian monastic communities, St. Louis Map Tourist Attractions except for the later monks of the north who recognized a saintly 14th-c. Ethiopian monk, Eustathius, as their founder. Theological disputes flourished in this period, as did heresies, among which were 1 denial of the Feast of Mount Zion, aimed against the institution of the Eucharist; 2 the heresy of the Mikaelites, who held that God does not have a human form, but a form that he alone knows, and acknowledged three names, but only one person, in the Trinity; 3 the heresy of the Stephanites, who refused to venerate Mary and the cross. These doctrinal deviations were severely opposed and, in part, suppressed by King Zara Yaqob.