Role in the Colonies of colonial America

In addition to becoming an educated clergy, which was the career choice of approximately half of the graduates of the nine colonial colleges prior to the Revolution, the graduates also became the leaders of business, commerce, politics, and, late in the colonial era, medicine and law. Many of the members of the Stamp Act Congress and the Continental Congresses, as well as the signers of the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution, were graduates of these nine colleges. A case can be made that one of the manifestations of the American movement away from loyalty to the mother country was the tendency by some of the colleges to ignore existing rules and practice of obtaining charters from the king, by instead obtaining charters and eventually the power to offer degrees from the colonial government. Although the colleges began with structures based on English and European models, by the 1770s, these institutions had become distinctly American. They would provide a sturdy foundation for the modern American system of higher education to come. James R. Belpedio See also: Arts, Culture, and Intellectual Life (Essay); Education; Harvard College; King’s College; William and Mary, College of; Yale College; Document: Founding Colleges in America(1754). Bibliography Boorstin, Daniel. The Americans: The National Experience. New York: Vintage Books, 1965. Brubacher, John Seiler, and Willis Rudy. Higher Education in Transition: A History of American Colleges and Universities. New Brunswick, NJ: Transaction, 1997. Cowley, W. H. International and Historical Roots of American Higher Education. New York: Garland, 1991. Lucas, Christopher J. American Higher Education: A History. New York: St. Martin’s Griffin, 1996. Rudolph, Frederick. The American College and University. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1990. Tewksbury, Donald G. Founding of American Colleges and Universities Before the Civil War. New York: Teachers College, 1932. Edwards, Jonathan (1703 1758) Jonathan Edwards was perhaps the most influential clergyman in colonial America. He is often credited with initiating the Great Awakening, and his extensive writings constitute an insightful and seminal body of colonial religious and intellectual thought. Mr. Benson’s APUSH Blog: Colonial America alltravel8Daily Life of the American Colonies: The Role of the Tavern in Society alltravel8Popular Culture : The Colonial Williamsburg Official History … alltravel8

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