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CARMEN de synodo Ticinensi. A rhythmic composition passed down by two 7th-8th-c. witnesses of Bobbio, Ambrosianus C 105 inf. and Ambrosianus E 147 sup., the latter textually superior to the former and thus preferred by editors on the codices, see eds. Bethmann, 189, and Strecker, 728; CLA, I,26b; CLA, III,323b. The work, commissioned by the Longobard Lombard King Cunipert 680 700, son of the Catholic Perctarit of the Bavarian branch of the descendants of the Lethings, celebrates the synod held at Pavia in 698 which ended the schism of the Three Chapters, a schism promoted for political reasons by the Longobards themselves, separating some churches of N Italy from Rome for more than a century and a half. The carmen does not limit itself to reviewing the facts of the schism and its resolution but is also a glorification of the dynasty, meant to reinforce its legitimacy internally, marked by various movements of revolt, and to promote a royal ideology in imitation of Byzantine imperial dignity. Richmond Metro Map The composition is also the only testimony of the abandonment of Arianism by the Longobards, which took place under Aribert I, Cunipert’s grandfather, unmentioned by Paul the Deacon, who gives us little information including about the end of the Three Chapters schism, which does not always agree with the poem’s account. Affinities have been highlighted between the text and the inscription dedicated to the three sovereigns Aribert, Perctarit and Cunipert for their common tomb in S. Salvatore at Pavia MGH, Po«tae latini aevi Karolini, 4,2, 726. B. Oltrocchi and others maintain that the author of the carmen was the grammarian Felix, uncle of Flavian, Pavesian preceptor of Paul the Deacon, an attribution accepted until O. Holder-Egger who, preferring to draw the author’s name from the double acrostic formed by the initial letters of the verses, proposes the author as one Stefanus magister. P. Lehmann, however, without attributing a value to the final strophe beginning with the letter G, resolved the acrostic as Stefanus monachus, almost necessarilly implying a changing of the place of composition from Pavia to the nearby monastery of Bobbio.

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