Portland Map

The Water Newton treasure. This is a silver treasure hoard which is Christian in a particular sense, because it was perhaps property of a church or of a Christian community. Found in 1975 at Durobrivae near Peterborough, Huntingdonshire, the treasure includes about thirty objects, on fifteen of which the Christogram appears, while two vases and a triangular plaque bear long Latin inscriptions related to the Christian liturgy. The group belongs to the 4th c. Its importance consists in the fact that it might be one of the most ancient collections of silver church plates in the entire Roman Empire. 5. The Sutton Hoo ship burial. Portland Map Redwald, king of East Anglia, died in 624 625 and was buried with a great treasure in a ship at Sutton Hoo, Suffolk, covered with earth. Despite the pagan system of burial, there are indications here that he was Christian. The inscription Saul and Paul on two Byzantine silver spoons indicate the baptism of the royal convert. A group of ten silver cups with cruciform ornaments, of probable Christian significance, was placed next to the spoons in the burial deposit and closed in a sheath also decorated with Christian motifs in the form of the cross.

The most notable Christian object of the group was the great golden buckle length 13 cm 5.1 in, weight 414 g 14.6 oz. The buckle was not functional but is an empty cavity; the rear plate is joined to a hook. Doubtless made in England, its function was to contain Christian sacred relics: a reliquary therefore made for a king by an English artist according to the design of Frankish buckles. 6. The pectoral cross of St. Cuthbert. St. Cuthbert died in 687 in his hermitage on Farne Island. In his tomb, in Durham cathedral, five objects approximately contemporaneous with St. Cuthbert were found: the pectoral cross of the saint, a portable altar, a comb, a gospel book and the wooden coffin. The pectoral cross length 6 cm 2.4 in, made of gold and decorated with garnets in settings with a circular garnet at the center and a ring-loop, is hollow and perhaps contained a relic. Other crosses made with this technique are known from Wilton and Ixworth, and a small hanging cross, made of gold with a central garnet, appears in the necklace of Desborough. Considered as a group, these objects show that there was no immediate change in the art of gold-working with the arrival of Christianity: slight differences in style in the cross of St. Cuthbert suggest nonetheless that it is a product of Saxon craftsmanship in the north of England, destined for the court environment and for the church of Northumbria in the 7th c.

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