Nj transit map for The wages of labor would be improved, and the profits of capital increased beyond the whole cost of these works. Such blissful optimism was, of course, a common characteristic of the development of 19th-century nationalisms, and reveals to us the central role played by railroads in the construction of an all-encompassing ideology of progress. Traveling by rail also meant the acceptance of new risks to one’s personal safety, especially in a country like France where Larousse noted, in 1878, that there were five times as many deaths caused by railways as there were in England, eight times as many as there were in BELGIUM, and 21 times as many as there were in Prussia. This poor safety record was something of a national scandal, and Larousse was quick to identify the cause of the dangerous quality of rail travel in France, which was the dualist theory of rail management. Larousse and other commentators blamed rail deaths on the companies’ rapacious desire for profits, the lack of desire of government to effectively regulate the railroads, the mutual interpenetration of rail companies and government (many deputies and senators sat on the boards of rail companies), and the desire on the part of many safety inspectors to obtain better-paid posts with rail companies. Similar arguments were being replayed 140 years later in Britain in the wake of rail disasters at Southall, Paddington, Hatfield, and Potter’s Bar in a privatized rail industry that borrowed the oligopolistic, rational model originated in 19th-century France. The indispensability of railroads to capitalist development. Nj transit map 2016.