New Netherland

New Netherland was a prominent Dutch colony in North America in the early seventeenth century. The Dutch sought to trade for furs with native peoples and established trading posts at the mouth of the Hudson River (New Amsterdam) and 150 miles upriver (Fort Nassau). In 1664, England seized the colony and renamed these settlements New York and Albany, respectively.

Algonquin Indians had moved into the area that became New Netherland by 1000 c.e., and Iroquois Indians had entered the region around 1300 c.e. By the early seventeenth century, the Algonquin occupied the lower Hudson River Valley, while the Mohawk of the Iroquois League occupied the upper Hudson River region.

The Dutch colony of New Netherland mapped here in 1656, eight years before its capture by the English extended from northern Delaware and New Jersey through Manhattan Island and up the Hudson River to modern-day Albany. (Brown Brothers, Sterling, Pennsylvania)

New Netherland Photo Gallery

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