New England

Following the Pequot War, the colonies of Plymouth, Massachusetts Bay, New Haven, and Connecticut joined together as the United Colonies of New England, hoping the alliance would protect them against potential threat from the Dutch, French, and various Native American tribes. While this agreement gave Connecticut local recognition, the colony recognized the need for official recognition from Britain. In 1662, John Winthrop, Jr., traveled to England to petition Charles II for a charter. The charter was granted, and the colony continued under laws similar to the Fundamental Orders of 1639. Like Massachusetts to the north, colony leaders were elected, although suffrage was limited and based on church membership and property ownership. Although New Haven fell within the geographical limits of the British charter, it still considered itself an independent colony. Hoping for official acceptance as an independent colony under Dutch protection, New Haven’s leaders petitioned the Dutch for a charter in 1663. When this failed, New Haven finally merged with Connecticut in 1665. King Philip’s War began in 1675 between the Wampanoag and their English neighbors in southeastern Massachusetts. Like the Pequot before them, the Wampanoag feared total loss of their lands to the English. Unlike the Pequot War, King Philip’s War developed into a region-wide conflict, involving Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Maine, and Connecticut. Although few battles took place in Connecticut, the colony provided troops in western Massachusetts, as well as diplomacy with the Narragansett people. Both efforts created tensions between Connecticut and Massachusetts, as the latter feared Connecticut would seek greater leverage with the Native Americans of western Massachusetts, and eventually led to the end of the United New England travel guide – Wikitravel New England – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Salt Water New England

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