Native American Agriculture

Most of the tribes living in the East practiced some form of agriculture. Tribes like the Iroquois planted corn and other vegetables. Others, like the Ottawa, depended more on hunting or fishing, farming only a little. Unfortunately, as these tribes established contact with the colonists, they exchanged many of their old traditions for new ones. The Huron, for example, began transporting maize and tobacco to trade for furs (to sell to the colonists). The Hurons found the fur trade so profitable and the Petun and Neutral Nations agriculture so reliable that they abandoned their own agricultural labors, writes Wessel. Rivalry in the growing fur trade led to increased hostilities between otherwise peaceful tribes. In fact, Wessel adds, after one midwinter attack by the Iroquois, the Hurons starved and became nearly extinct. In the Southeast, Native American tribes were heavily dependent on agriculture. Many lived in sedentary villages, and with increased European contact, some, like the Choctaw, even began herding livestock. In spite of the conflicts that existed, Native American tribes provided the colonists with the knowledge and skills they needed in order to survive. The Pilgrims learned to plant corn from their Native American neighbors, a crop that yielded well and could ripen on the stalk. They planted it in Native American-style: piles of earth were mounded up with a hoe, and corn, bean, and squash seeds were planted together. As the corn grew out of the top, the bean plants used the corn as a trellis, and the squash plants kept weeds to a minimum. A dead fish, placed in the mound, provided fertilizer. History of Illinois Agriculture Image Gallery :: Native American … alltravel8Three Sisters (agriculture) – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia alltravel8How Has America Been Influenced by Native American Culture? alltravel8

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