Mumbai for An increase in the activity levels of those who had received either intervention was found, almost independently of the stage of readiness that women had been in following the intervention. Additionally, the intervention produced increases in self-efficacy in line with the stage of change’ achieved i.e. selfefficacy increased as the stage progressed towards action and appeared to be critical, whereas decisional balance findings were inconclusive. This reflects the findings of Marcus and colleagues Marcus et al. , where regular exercisers in either the action or maintenance stage had significantly higher self-efficacy scores than participants in the earlier stages. n The TTM and risk-reducing behaviour In general, the notion of stages of change has received support; however, several studies have questioned whether the change processes outlined by Prochaska and colleagues are in fact useful predictors of change. Mumbai 2016.