Middle Colonies and Food Crops America

It was in the middle colonies (New Jersey, New York, and Pennsylvania), however, that farmers first cultivated a substantial surplus in food crops. Whereas farmers in the North had to clear land before being able to cultivate it and could only afford to take on a few more acres each year, farmers in the middle colonies were able to settle across the rolling hills and wider spaces of the region. Wheat farming flourished, and it was not long before the middle colonies earned the title as the breadbasket of the New World. Yield often reached 40 bushels per acre on newly plowed lands. But because they did not understand the importance of rotating crops, farmers quickly depleted the land. Production often dropped to ten bushels per acre. Not until 1780 did crop rotation become a common practice. It was also in the middle colonies that farmers began using horses, particularly draft horses, for power because of their speed. This led to increased oat and pasture cultivation where land was farmed as intensively as possible with little thought to conservation. Horses were also used to tread grain; horses could tread thirty bushels a day, but more grain was wasted in this process. A rising anti-British sentiment took root in the colonies in the eighteenth century. Much of this dissatisfaction was due to the Crown’s cynical attitude toward farmers, as well as its inability to deal with agricultural issues. Though farmers typically suffered through periodic low prices, high taxes, crop failures, or debt, their political and social dissatisfaction grew as England demanded more and gave less to its subjects. In several colonies, agriculturalists staged protests and insurrections in the decades before the American Revolution. Clearly, controls on agricultural exports, land title restrictions, and bans and restrictions on western settlement by the British ultimately became one of the reasons the colonies rose up against the king. The destructive legacy of the first Thanksgiving: How Europeans … alltravel8Colony Regions – 7th grade humanities alltravel8What were some of the primary crops grown in the New England … alltravel8

Leave a Reply

71 + = 75