Historical region of Country
EGBERT 678 766. Born in 678 of a noble Northumbrian family, Egbert received a monastic education in the schools of Ireland. After having been both a disciple and friend of Bede, he became archbishop of York ca. 732 and until his death in 766 worked actively to reorganize the English church. Mexico Subway Map He received two letters, one from Boniface Ep. 38, PL 89, 736-738, who thanks him for some manuscripts, and another from Bede Ep. 2, PL 94, 657- 668, who exhorts him to personal sanctity and to the carrying out of a large-scale work of Christian evangelization. It seems that Egbert wrote the Dialogus Ecclesiasticae Institutiones, the Ep. ad Uuynfridum Letter to Boniface and an Anglo-Saxon penitential.
EGERIA d. after 385. A rich and educated noblewoman, perhaps a native of Gallaecia in Spain or S Gaul; she was part of a circle of women united by religious interests, or perhaps a nun with an important position in her community. Mexico Subway Map The name Egeria less precisely Aetheria is generally accepted today based on a letter of the Galician hermit Valerius, but her first editors, e.g., Gamurrini and Geyer, thought to identify her with Sylvia, the prefect Rufinus’s sister. She wrote a famous and interesting summary of a pilgrimage she took, Itinerarium or Peregrinatio ad loca santa. In this diary, in the form of letters to her sisters, in the first part she describes the journey made from 381 384 according to Devos’s careful research from Sinai to Jerusalem, then to Mt. Nebo in Idumea, the land of Job, and finally to Mesopotamia, from Antioch to Edessa and Harran and then the return to Constantinople via the sanctuaries of Thecla at Seleucia in Isauria and of Euphemia, making the ca. 5000-km 3100-mi trip on foot or by carriage; in the second part she describes the liturgy of Jerusalem.
The only manuscript, originally from Montecassino and preserved at Arezzo, was discovered by Gamurrini in 1884 and published in 1887; the work was mutilated at the beginning and end, and had two lacunae. Egeria was fascinated more by the religious aspect of what she saw than by natural wonders or historical curiosities: she lingered over the biblical places marked by the presence of God, reports legends and memories linked to the great figures of the history of Israel or of early Christianity, tells us of liturgical celebrations and religious feasts, and of catechesis before and after baptism; she informs us of ecclesiastical organization and monastic life. The work is a source of inestimable value on all these points.