Massachusetts map for The British case quickly showed that the combination of iron rails and steam locomotives had massive potential, introducing efficiencies into the heavy industries that were driving the Industrial Revolution, such as iron and coal. Railways also led to the effective transport of raw materials and finished goods in consumer-oriented industries such as textile production, and, ultimately, in mass passenger transportation. The railway boom was significant not just to the material development of a capitalist economy, but also to the introduction of state regulation in order to guide the development of the rail network. The shift it induced in the popular consciousness recognized the potential gains that could come from investing even small sums of capital in speculative stock ventures. Who runs the rails? Once the success of railroads was demonstrated in Britain, other industrializing states knew that they too would have to develop rail networks. There then ensued a series of debates concerning the development of rail networks, and the operation of passenger and freight traffic, which are central to the connection between the railways and capitalism. In a country such as FRANCE, as one case study, the arrangements that were devised for the development of railroads are representative of the particular culture of capitalism, which was to characterize all French development in the 19th century. Massachusetts map 2016.