Map of yale campus for It was the last European country to industrialize, and never adopted the technologies of the first INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION, which were not well suited to its rich, well-educated population. Instead, they became leaders in the science-based technologies of the second industrial revolution, and two of the firms founded at that time, Philips (electronics) and ROYAL DUTCH SHELL GROUP (petrochemicals) remain world leaders. In 2002, the Netherlands had a population of more than 16 million, and a GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT (GDP) of $434 billion, yielding a GDP per capita of $26,900, one of the highest in the world. BIBLIOGRAPHY. Violet Barbour, Capitalism in Amsterdam in the 17th Century (1963); Jonathan Israel, The Dutch Republic: Its Rise, Greatness, and Fall 1477 1806 (Clarendon Press, 1995); E.H. Kossman, The Low Countries, 1780 1940 (Oxford University Press, 1978); Jan de Vries and Ad van der Woude, The First Modern Economy: Success, Failure, and Perseverance of the Dutch Economy, 1500 1815 (Cambridge University Press, 1997); J. Map of yale campus 2016.