Map of Spring Hill for Spanish is Peru’s predominant language, but Quechua is also an official language. Also spoken are English and Aymara. Since WORLD WAR II the population has rapidly increased and become predominantly urban. Ancient Peru was the seat of several Andean civilizations. SPAIN conquered Peru in 1533. In 1821, Peru’s independence was declared but the country was in constant turmoil until 1845 when Ramon Castilla seized the presidency. Castilla’s most important contribution may have been his exploitation of Peru’s guano and nitrate deposits. Map of Spring Hill 2016.