Map of lanzarote for Mascarenhas, Government and the Economy in Australia and New Zealand: The Politics of Economic Policy Making (Austin & Winfield Publishers, 2002); New Zealand, CIA World Factbook (2002). S.J. RUBEL, J.D. INDEPENDENT SCHOLAR Nicaragua NICARAGUA IS THE SECOND poorest country in the western hemisphere after Haiti, and the poorest in Central America. After decades under a brutal dictatorship, Nicaragua experienced a popular uprising in 1979, and the Sandinista National Liberation Front, a group of leftist rebels fighting the government for almost two decades, took power. Map of lanzarote 2016.