Map of europe capitals for Early Wall Street. In 1685, as the British took control of the Dutch settlement, Wall Street itself was laid out along the stockade route. Hence the name wall street. In 1790, the newly independent UNITED STATES issued $80 million in bonds to help finance its revolutionary war debt. These war bonds, as they came to be called, were the first major publicly traded securities and marked the arrival of a pure U.S. investment market. Map of europe capitals 2016.