Map of english counties for They are, however, intended to raise some epistemic concerns about the intelligibility of the prescriptive optimal rules implied in the rational construct of the theory of planning and the uses to which the theory of planning may be put. BIBLIOGRAPHY. E.R. Alexander, Approaches to Planning: Introducing Current Planning Theories, Concepts and Issues (Gordon and Breach, 1992); J. Bognar, Economic Policy and Planning in Developing Countries (Akademiai Kiado, 1975); S.I. Map of english counties 2016.