Map of colorado for Herod the Great. The repetition of Herod’s title the king here stands in sharp tension with the Magi’s claim in verse that the King of the Jews has just been born. Historical backdrop. Herod had been endowed with the title King of the Jews by the Roman Senate. As the reigning king in his inal years, Herod was utterly obsessed with securing his dynasty by choosing from his sons a worthy successor or successors. Herod had ten wives and many sons. His most important children as regards the succession were Alexander and Aristobulus sons of Mariamne I; Antipater son of Doris; Archelaus and Antipas sons of Malthrace; Philip I son of Mariamne II; and Philip II son of Cleopatra of Jerusalem. Map of colorado 2016.