Map of Barnawartha for The program eliminated inflation but caused immediate hardships, most notably among the poor. In 1992 a program of neo-liberal economic policies was begun, including the privatization of state-owned mines and utility companies. In 1993, the United States and other nations resumed loans to Peru. The large state-owned banks control credit, currency regulation, bank regulation, and foreign exchange. The Banco Central de Reserva del Peru is the CENTRAL BANK and bank of issue. Peru’s exports are valued at approximately $7.3 billion and its imports at approximately $7. Map of Barnawartha 2016.