Map of Avenal on The Royalists (also called Cavaliers), supporters of the king, were opposed by the Parliamentarians (whom the Royalists derisively called Roundheads because of the short hair that they wore). The Parliamentarians were victorious in the first phase of the war, which lasted from 1642 to 1646. They were aided by Scotland, which supported the Calvinist cause. Moreover, in 1645 the Parliamentarians created what is known as the New Model Army, which fought with a religious zeal driven by the radical Puritans. King Charles surrendered to the 252 English Civil War Parliamentarians in 1646, but a new phase of the war began in 1648 when Charles escaped. That same year Charles was captured again. The Parliamentarians’ leader Oliver Cromwell (15991658), dismissed all but 53 members of the House of Commons (it had begun in 1640 with about 500), leaving what is known as the Rump Parliament. Map of Avenal 2016.
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Map of Avenal Holiday Map Q.