LOCATION Largest of the Balearic group of islands, Majorca lies 135 miles south of Barcelona in the Mediterranean.
CHARACTERISTICS: Set in the blue waters of the Mediterranean, Majorca is a land of eternal spring where medieval architectural splendor rubs shoulders with the modern. Because of its temperate climate, its picturesque scenery, and its separation from the mainland, the island has been for many years the haunt of artists, poets and writers. People from many lands make it their permanent home, and tourists visit there in increasing numbers. Its recorded history began with the Romans, who were followed by the Vandals, the Arabs, the Moors and, lastly, by European Christians who contributed much to its artistic charm.
POPULATION : Estimated at 415,000 in 1952, slightly smaller than Indianapolis.
SIZE: 1,935 square miles, a little larger than the state of Delaware.
CAPITAL : Palma, a city of about 200,000, compares with Jacksonville, Florida.
GOVERNMENT : Spanish provincial.
HOW TO GET THERE: By Pan American Clipper, elapsed time from Boston or New York, about 14 hours to Barcelona. Then by connecting plane, 55 minutes from Barcelona to Palma. By boat from Barcelona, overnight. By ship from New York, 8 to 10 days.
ACCOMMODATIONS: Hotel accommodations in Palma are excellent. Many fine comfortable pensions and inns may be found in the interior. De luxe hotels in Palma include the Bahia Palace Hotel $12.00 up American plan, and the Maricel and Mediterraneo where prices for a single room* American Plan, range between $7 and $9. Class A hostelries include the Alcina, Principe Alfonso and the Victoria, where rooms are available for $5.50 to $6.50 a day. Accommodations on the European Plan (without meals) are also available. Another recommended hotel is the de luxe Hotel Formentor, uniquely situated among the pines near the beach about lVi hours from Palma by hotel car. Rates, $10 American Plan.
CIGARETTES AND TOBACCO. j. Tobacco is unrationed; American cigarettes are available at prices similar to those in the United States.
CURRENCY: The standard of currency is the Spanish peseta, 39 to the United States dollar.
RESTAURANTS: Restaurants are numerous and reasonable meals run from $1.50 and up. One of the best restaurants in Palma is the Latz run by Americans. There are several sandwich shops and snack bars. Night clubs, many of which have floor shows, include the Villa Rosa, Trocadero, Casablanca, Jack El Negro, El Patio and Virginia Club.
SPORTS: The Majorcans, although by nature slow-moving, enjoy a variety of sports: bullfights, boxing, wrestling, the Basque sport of pelota, tennis, cycle racing, yachting and trotting. Racing meetings are held in the spring and fall. Palma has a modern roller-skating rink. Public swimming may be enjoyed at many of the adjacent beaches or in the municipal swimming pool.
TRANSPORTATION All parts of the island are accessible either by train, bus or motor car.
WHERE TO GO SIGHTSEEING
Palma: Although much of its attractiveness lies in its ancient architecture and art treasures, Palma has kept up with the times. Smart shops, excellent hotels, good restaurants, and a fine system *of roads and transportation enable the tourist to enjoy the comforts of modern living. Palma combines the old and the modem. Its magnificent thirteenth-century cathedral, erected on the site of a Moslem mosque, rises in golden splendor above the bay. Nearby, in the narrow streets and winding lanes of the older city, palaces of medieval noblemen stand beside the simple homes of modern workers. Convents, quaint patios and ivy-covered churches combine to transport the visitor back in time to the Middle Ages.
SOURCES OF FURTHER INFORMATION: Complete information on Majorca and its neighboring islands of Minorca and Ibiza may be obtained at the Spanish Information Bureau, Paseo del Generalisimo, 38-40, Palma. In New York, contact the Spanish Tourist Office, 485 Madison Avenue.