List of city in america for Being a country rich in minerals, South Africa is the world’s largest producer and exporter of gold and platinum, the latter having overtaken the former as the biggest foreign-exchange earner for 2000. Mining has played the main role in the economic development of the country. Beyond the gold and platinum, the country is also the world’s largest producer of manganese, chromium, vanadium, and alumino-sillicates. It is the globe’s number-two producer of vermiculite and zirconium, and third in the diamond mine industry. During the early 2000s, the world demand has affected the prices and costs of certain mining sectors, causing transformations within the South African mining industry. Mining companies have been, for the most part, restructured and merged. Exports reached 29. List of city in america 2016.