Lebanon Metro Map on Second, oil-producing Arab states used embargoes to drive up the price of oil, thereby hoping to force the United States and Western Europe to have Israel remove its forces from occupied territories. A peace treaty between Israel and Egypt in 1979 led to the removal of the Israeli army from the Sinai Peninsula and the Gaza Strip. Hope for a comprehensive peace, however, remained remote until 1993, when negotiations conducted in secret in Norway led to a breakthrough: Israel permitted limited Palestinian self-rule in the West Bank and accepted the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) as a representative of the Palestinian people; the PLO, for its part, recognized the legitimate existence of the State of Israel. In 1994, Israel began to transfer ruling authority to the Palestinians, at first in places such as the town of Jericho on the West Bank. Since then, however, acts of violence on both sides have harmed efforts to establish peace through the land for peace formula. The Palestinian intifada, or uprising, and extremist suicide bombings have made it difficult to focus on peace. At the same time, militant Israelis harm the process as well, such as the Israeli settler Baruch Goldstein who gunned down Palestinians praying in a mosque in Hebron in 1994, or the right-wing Jewish radical who assassinated Yitzhak Rabin, the Israeli prime minister who had signed the landmark peace agreement in 1994 with PLO Chairman Yasser Arafat. Lebanon Metro Map 2016.
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