, like all men, are among those who bring a little light to the vast unending darkness of man’s life and world. For us as for all men, change and eternity, specialization and unity, instrument and fi nal purpose, community and individual man alone, Whither Koans, or Wither? 187 complementary each to the other, both require and defi ne our bonds and our freedom. Inconclusive Conclusion Th e various new directions for interpreting and applying classic koan cases in a compelling fashion for contemporary contexts reveal ways that the tradition remains vibrant and relevant. However, koans are by defi nition open- ended and variable, which makes them vulnerable to misinterpretation and misappropriation by those eager to exploit others. Lamp shades 2016.