Kushk City of Afghanistan for For the poor and powerless, it amounts to lives of misery with scant opportunity to exercise their full potential as human beings. But Rousseau’s patriotic remedy is primarily grounded in political equality, while Marx’s revolutionary remedy is firmly rooted in economic equality. Positive liberty, Marx suggests, emerges only once we become emancipated from the class relations that alienate us from our neighbors. Collective freedom is discovered by abolishing private property. In 1958, when Berlin lectured on the two concepts of liberty, he was concerned with the actual and potential abuses of positive liberty. In declaring that the view of those who reject negative liberty and favor its positive counterpart rules over half our world,41 he was thinking about the Soviet empire and the great clash of ideologies that dominated his time. Today, concerns have changed. Kushk City of Afghanistan 2016.