In 2002, 10 years after the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) in Rio de Janeiro, the follow-up ‘Rio+10’ Conference was held in Johannesburg – the World Summit on Sustainable Development (WSSD). Rio had been a watershed meeting for biodiversity, resulting not only in the establishment of the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), but also in international conventions and agreements on climate change, desertification and biosafety. Unlike many similar conferences, UNCED led to the creation of a mega-fund for action – the Global Environment Facility (GEF).
Kirstenbosch National Botanical Garden Map Google Earth Photo Gallery
These initiatives had profound impacts on how the world community shaped environmental policy and practice. NBI, in developing its Corporate Strategic Plan for 1994 to 2000, framed its new research programmes around the anticipated requirements of government in respect of biodiversity, climate change and desertification. Similarly, the South African government responded energetically by formulating its post-1994 law-reform process to harmonise with international trends. The National Environmental Management Act of 1998 was strongly influenced by the Rio outcomes, and the WSSD experience helped mould the subsidiary National Environmental Management: Biodiversity Act (NEMBA) No. 10 of 2004, which established the South African National Biodiversity Institute (SANBI).
The formation of SANBI came as a natural response to the widening perspectives of NBI. As a result of the experience and credibility gained at Kirstenbosch through the 1990s, SANBI could easily adapt to the new and expanded mandate of the Biodiversity Act. In the years since SANBI’s establishment on 1 September 2004, and the relocation of its head office from Kirstenbosch to Pretoria in 2008, it has responded to its new responsibilities efficiently and effectively. Kirstenbosch is now but one of SANBI’s many assets.
From its humble and difficult beginnings in 1913, the Garden has weathered many storms and witnessed many changes in corporate identity and leadership. But it has always been the flagship of the organisation, the single entity that is both an unmistakable brand and an unmatched icon for South Africa’s floral heritage.
Institutions have, from the earliest times, identified themselves with insignias of varying form Kirstenbosch, within the organisational framework of the National Botanic Gardens, National Botanical Institute, and finally the South African National Biodiversity Institute, has used a range of logos. The choice of logos used by Kirstenbosch and the Botanical Society reflects changing corporate identities.
The heart of the Garden presents soft lines, rich colours and the evergreen verdure of fynbos merging into the forests of the mountain. The striking pincushion in the foreground is Leucospermum cordifolium x tottum ‘Caroline ’.
The objects immediately surrounding us were purely sylvan. Here I beheld [Nature’s] perfection in the sweet harmony of soft colours and tints of every gradation, speaking a language which all may understand, transfusing into the soul a delight which all may enjoy, and which never fails, at least for the time, to smother every uneasy sensation of the mind. ’