Jerusalem for The HAPA proposes that self-efficacy and outcome expectancies are important predictors of goal intention as found in studies with the TPB and perceived behavioural control. Perceptions of threat severity and personal susceptibility perceived risk are considered a distal influence on actual behaviour, playing a role only in the motivation phase. In terms of ordering’ of self-efficacy and outcome expectancies, the latter may precede the former e.g. an individual probably thinks of the consequences of their action before working out if they can do what is required. Under conditions where individuals have no previous experience with the behaviour they are contemplating, the authors suggest that outcome expectancies may have a stronger influence on behaviour than efficacy beliefs. Intention in the motivation phases is considered as a goal intention e. Jerusalem 2016.

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