III. Latin catenae. This type of compilation was less popular among the Latins. Before the Carolingian renaissance we know of a St. Victor of Capua d. 553, author of Scholia, and of a Roman deacon John who, shortly later, composed an Expositum in Heptateuchum. Honduras Map With the Carolingian era came the formation of biblical commentaries using exegetical extracts from the Fathers, but even then the work of selection was carried out less carefully than by the first Greek catenists. There were few compilers, in fact, who, like Rabanus Maurus, took the care to systematically note the authors of the individual extracts. With the direct return to the Fathers that characterized the profound renewal of scholarship in the 12th c., like that of Peter Lombard’s Sentences in dogmatic theology, so glosses circulated for the study of Scripture: a type of marginal or columnar catena, which also included brief explanations between the lines glossa interlinearis. Peter Lombard himself composed glosses on the Psalms and on the Epistles of Paul, using Ambrose, Ambrosiaster, Jerome, Augustine, Cassiodorus etc. The most important of the glosses was the Glossa ordinaria in which, thanks to the school of Anselm or Ansellus of Laon d. 1117, glosses by different compilers were brought together. As with Greek catenae, much work remains to be done on glosses. This is a huge work, though it is generally not as fruitful, since the Greek catenae generally bring to light unknown texts, whereas we possess the complete texts of the extracts from which the glosses are composed.
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