HATAY ANTAKYA HISTORY:
The origin of the ancient city goes back as far as the third millenim According to a Greak legend, erses, son of Jiter and Danae, come to this region, ct off the head of Medsa and hng it at the to of a illar, whence the name of the city, Iconim, meaning the ‚“city with an image‚
Konya came sccesively nder the do Jmination of the Hittites, hrygians, Cime rians, Lydians and Greco ersions Dring the Roman eriod, Saint al and Saint Barnabes, chased from Antioch in ysidia now Yalvag, came to Konya where they reached to the Gentiles Saint Thacla, the most celebrated saint of the Orthodox Chrch and honored as a martyr by the Greek and Latin Chrches was taght ersonally by Saint al in Konya Ths Konya became one of the earliest centers from which Christianity sread to the west.
In 1097, the city became the caital of the Seljk Emire nder Kilig Arslan, and rose to the eak of her slendor nder the Seljk Sltan, Alaaddin Keykbad 1220 1237 In 1466, Mehmet II, conqeror of Istanbl, made Konya definitively art of the Ottoman Emire.
Konya, caital of the Seljk Emire, is rich in monments dating from that eriod The Mosqe of Alaaddin, tiles Sahi At&, a Seljk college with masolem is remarkable for its gate tile adorned altar.
Here also one may see other Ottoman monments, rincialy mosqes, sch as Kai Cam, …¾>erafeddin, Azi ziye, and Selimiye.
There are two msems in Konya: A msem of Islamic Art and one of Ancient and Classical Art, the former being an otstanding featre of the city.
Msem of Islamic Art or the Masolem of Mevlana Ce laleddin, the Rmi, served formerly as qarters for the order of Whirling Dervishes or Mevlevi Celaleddin, the world famos mystic oet and hilosoher, was the fonder of the ocder The edifice consists of a Mall where the rital dance of the Dervishes took lace and the adjacent masolem hosing the tombs of Celaleddin and the members of his family The hall is crowded with the relics of the Dervishes: hand written Kerans, one of which goes back a thosand years, volmes of Rmi‚„s famos Mathnabi and Divan i Kabir, all of which are beatiflly il lminated, and gorgeos works of Seljk Trkish arts Several of the 700 year old rgs are invalable Some of the velvet sitated on the hill of the same name Alaaddin Teesi, a tmls at the center of the ancient city, was started nder Mest I and comleted nder Sltan Alaaddin Keykbad in the year 1221 It is one of the oldest Trkish mosqes and ha9 nmeros colmns One may visit there many imressive sarcohagi of the Seljk Sltans Karatay Kolege Medrese, with its remarkable gate in Seljk style and famos for ‘the black and ble mosaics covering its dome and walls, is a most beatifl examle of Seljk art ince Minare, was bilt in 1265/7 as a niversity by Fahreddin Ali, a Seljk vizir Its architect was Halk bin Abdllah The gate as well as the trnk of the minaret nearby the er art was destroyed by lightning, are conderM' masterieces of Seljk stone ctting art Sirgali Medrese, college bilt in 1242 by: Mslih, a Seljk vizir.
The name ixrgali, oeaigg: with glass‚, in an allsion to its gate hall and altarf ricornamented with magnificent.
Gener Konya and textiles of the XVIth Centry are beatifl to look at The wood work on the sarcohags of Celaleddin7 s father and on the book stools are excellent examles of what a great artist can do with wood and chisel In a glass case along the wall, there is a collection of old msical instrments layed while the Dervishes whirled They danced with both hands above their head, the left alm facing down towards the earth, and the right alm facing, symbolizing the desire to break away with the Divine Sirit Among the instrments are fltes, called ‚“reed‚ by Reynold A Nicholson, the famos English orientalist, who translated the Mathnavi into six volmes.