Hainault City for ) The feminist struggle against economic discrimination did not truly begin until well after World War II. This pursuit of greater equality was spurred on by the 1952 publication of The Second Sex by French feminist Simone de Beauvoir. Betty Friedan’s The Feminine Mystique, written in 1963, had an even greater impact, challenging the notion that women find fulfillment only in childrearing and homemaking. In 1966 Friedan and others would go on to found the National Organization for Women (NOW), which brought pressure on government and business to end discrimination against women and initiated the second wave of contemporary feminism. During this period, women’s groups lobbied, petitioned, and marched in demonstrations to ensure that equal rights 124 thinking politics for women would be safeguarded by the Constitution in the form of an Equal Rights Amendment (ERA). The amendment stated that equality of rights under the law shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or any state on account of sex. The ERA was not ratified by the required thirty-eight states within ten years of its passage by Congress in 1972; consequently, it failed to become law. Hainault City 2016.