In addition to malaria, there are other infectious diseases to be aware of, such as hepatitis, typhoid, rabies, and HIV. You should consult your travel doctor about these concerns, depending on your risk profile. Routine (normal) immunisations as per your home country (such as measles/mumps/rubella, diphtheria, varicella, polio and influenza) should be up to date. Yellow fever is not found in Mozambique, and you only need immunisation (and proof thereof) if you are travelling to Mozambique from any country where it is endemic. Recently, Zika virus has become established in the region. While this is of little threat to adults and the risk of infection is low, pregnant women should carefully consider the risk of travel to the area.
Although snakebite is a common fear and there are numerous poisonous species in the region, it is a very rare event (much like shark attacks) and almost never occurs when treating wildlife with respect. If you see a snake (or shark!), observe its beauty from a safe distance, and do not engage in any threatening or provoking behaviour. Large game and predators do exist in the wilderness areas, but you will be highly unlikely to encounter them on a diving trip.
Groupon Mozambique Trip Photo Gallery
MEDICAL CONSIDERATIONS FOR SCUBA DIVING
Fitness for diving
Diving is a relaxed sport, but it does require a modicum of fitness and that any chronic illnesses be well controlled. In particular, many dives in Mozambique can feature strong currents. Good buoyancy control and being fit enough to kick hard for short distances are important. If you have any medical conditions, or become short of breath on moderate exertion, it is advisable to see your doctor well before the trip. If any doubt exists, a qualified dive physician should be consulted.
All divers would avoid a dive when they have a cold or flu under normal circumstances, but when on a holiday they have planned for months, will often take a chance. Don’t forget that a cold can lead to severe and even debilitating sinus squeeze or reverse block underwater – it’s not worth the risk. If you develop a cold, enjoy the African sun above the water until it is fully resolved.
Diving and pregnancy
Diving at any time during pregnancy is not recommended. If pregnancy is suspected (or even possible), or for women not using regular contraception, it is worthwhile to take a simple pregnancy test before departing on a scuba diving holiday. This is also important in Mozambique, as some antimalarial medications are not safe in pregnancy (see opposite).