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II. Present-day situation. 1. The movable and fixed cycles of the liturgical year. a Movable cycle. Arose as a development of the feast of Easter, center of the liturgical year. It comprises a period of four Sundays before Lent, six weeks of Lent, Palm Sunday and the Great Week Holy Week. The Propers for this time are contained in the Triodion. Then follows the period that begins with the Easter Vigil and concludes with All Saints’ Sunday first Sunday after Pentecost; the Propers are contained in the Pentecostarion, also called the Triodion of Flowers. The Sundays of the movable cycle are often named after the gospel read at their eucharistic liturgy e.g., Sunday of the Prodigal Son, of Thomas, of the Samaritan Woman, or after particular events or people, e.g., Carnival Sunday end of rich foods at the beginning of Lent, Orthodoxy Sunday reestablishment of the cult of icons on the first Sunday of Lent, 843, Sunday of St. John Climacus, of St. Mary the Egyptian, etc. Greensboro Map b Fixed annual cycle: regulated by the Byzantine civil calendar, it begins on 1 September and ends on 31 August. The Propers for each day are in the Menaia, i.e., 12 monthly volumes, one for each month of the year. They also contain the Propers for the great fixed feasts, i.e., the Nativity of the Mother of God 8 Sept., the Exaltation of the Holy Cross 14 Sept., the Entrance of Mary into the Temple 21 Nov., the Nativity of the Savior 25 Dec., Epiphany 6 Jan., Jesus’ Encounter with Simeon, or Hypapante 2 Feb., the Annunciation 25 March, the Transfiguration 6 Aug., the Dormition of the Mother of God 15 Aug.. Palm Sunday, the Resurrection, the Ascension and Pentecost fall in the movable cycle. Every day of the year has a memoria of one or more saints, some of which have a particularly festive character: St. George, St. Nicholas, St. Demetrius, the Nativity and Beheading of St. John the Forerunner.

 

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