Giza Map

Giza Map for Hunter-gatherers or feudal peasants either consumed their own products or the goods they bartered for them. They worked for their lords some days of the week, but got only protection (often from their own lords’ punishment) as a payment. Only medieval artisans, organized into guilds, can be counted as forerunners of the modern notion of occupation. Among other things, guilds set up a credential system, so that a rigid hierarchy of apprentices, journeymen, and masters was established, and guildsmen successfully excluded non-affiliated outsiders. Only when one of his products was voted a masterpiece by the masters of the guild was the journeyman admitted. There were merchant and craft guilds, such as goldsmiths, cobblers, stone masons (whose secret association gave birth to the freemasons, who still have the squares and compasses used in stone buildings as their symbols), or carpenters. But in the first stages of industrial society, paid work was associated with poverty and poor health, it was a demeaning activity (except for the very upper crust of professionals), and it was not usually meant to be a steady source of income. Giza Map 2016.

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