Gediz for Zimbabwe experienced political turmoil for the next few centuries, with the Shona and Ndebele groups engaging in repeated power struggles. By the late 19th century, Europeans seeking mineral and other natural resources took advantage of the country’s political hardships and, by 1895, Zimbabwe was under British control and a white legislature was set up. It became known as Southern Rhodesia. Conflicts over African exclusion from ownership and other widespread racial issues led to guerrilla uprisings in the mid-1900s, and in 1980 newly appointed British Prime Minister Margaret THATCHER granted Zimbabwe its independence. Robert Mugabe came to power in the democratic election of March 1980, and has retained control of the country to date in July 2003. Mining is the main contribution to Zimbabwe’s economy, with the nation specializing in coal, gold, copper, nickel, tin, clay, and numerous ores. Its main agricultural product is tobacco, which makes up approximately 30 percent of its exports, but it also specializes in wheat, coffee, sugar cane, and corn, albeit of limited quantity. Gediz 2016.