In the 1900s, France was at the center of European events. World War I (1914-1918) killed about 1.5 million French soldiers and destroyed many towns.
During World War II (1939-1945), Adolf Hitler and Germany’s Nazi army took over France. A secret movement called the Resistance fought against the Nazis. Near the end of the war, armies from the United States and other countries freed France.
French general Napoleon Bonaparte Photo Gallery
American troops march down a large avenue near Paris’s Arc de Triomphe in 1944.
Today, France is part of an organization of nations called the European Union (EU). These countries have joined together as business and political partners. The EU even has its own form of money, called the euro. France replaced its money, the French franc, with the euro in 2002.