Free Map of barcelona city for Astronomy. Of all the sciences, none was more closely identiied with Babylon or Mesopotamia than astronomy. We have astronomical tablets from the city from as late as AD /. The temple of Bel-Marduk presumably remained the hub of observational and theoretical astronomical activity and record-keeping that it had been in previous centuries. This link to the temple was the main reason why astronomy persisted in Babylon for so long, even after it ceased to have political importance. Astrology. The astronomy done in Babylon was largely in the service of astrology. Free Map of barcelona city 2016.