EUGIPPIUS

Late Latin Christian writer, born ca. 460 and active in the first part of the 6th c. He is associated with St. Severinus, apostle of Noricum, and was probably his young disciple. His origins are uncertain, though some think he was from the region of Aquileia, and was later at Lrins for a time. We know for certain only that he was the third abbot, after Lucillus and Marcianus, of the monastic community that his brethren, fleeing Noricum to escape barbarian violence, founded at Castrum Lucullanum Pizzofalcone near Naples, next to the new tomb of St. Severinus, which had been translated there after long wanderings throughout Italy; all this Eugippius himself tells us in his Vita s. Severini, written in 511. Though colored by the marvelous, the Life is a source of prime importance the only evidence we have of conditions in the Roman Empire’s outer provinces at the time of the barbarian impact Rugi, Heruli, Alamanni, etc.. As a biographer, Eugippius seems esp. to stress the didactic aspect, thus offering a model of virtue and behavior for the monastic community he directed. With the Life we should mention the two epistulae about it exchanged by Eugippius and the Roman deacon Paschasius. In recent years Vog¼ seems to have finally discovered the Rule which, according to some early authors Cassiodorus and Isidore, Eugippius wrote for the monks of the monastery of St. Severinus. He corresponded with the most illustrious personages of his day Fulgentius of Ruspe, Paschasius, the deacon Ferrandus, Maxentius, Cassiodorus, Dionysius Exiguus and the Roman virgin Proba, Cassiodorus’s niece. From a remark by Fulgentius Ep. V, 12 and from a note on a codex at Epternach Paris, Bibl. nat. lat. 9389, we can assert without doubt that he organized around himself a flourishing library and an active scriptorium. His Excerpta ex operibus s. Augustini, an anthology of passages 348? drawn by Eugippius from more than 40 of St. Augustine’s works, are very important for establishing Augustine’s text. For important evidence and judgments on Eugippius’s literary work, see Cassiodorus Inst. div. 23 and Isidore Vir. ill. 26.

EUGIPPIUS Gallery Photos

EUGIPPIUS


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